Underground Resistance

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Underground Resistance
Underground Resistance Logo.svg
Background Information




Detroit techno, electronic, techno

Years Active

1989 - Present


Underground Resistance Records, Somewhere In Detroit (SID)



Mike Banks, Agent Chaos, DJ Roach, Andre Holland, Billebob, Chuck Gibson, Cornelius Harris, Dan Caballero, DJ Buxx Goree, Frankie Gults, Galaxy 2 Galaxy, Gerald Mitchell, Ghetto Tech, ISH, James Pennington, Marc Floyd, Mark Flash, Mark Taylor, Mike Clark, Milton Baldwin, Raphael Merriweathers Jr., Santiago Salazar, Timeline

Past Members


Jeff Mills, Claude Young, Robert Hood, DJ Rolando, Gerald Donald, James Stinson




Underground Resistance (commonly abbreviated to UR) is a musical collective from Detroit, Michigan, in the United States of America. They are the most militantly political outcropping of modern Detroit techno, with a grungy, four-track musical aesthetic and a strictly anti-mainstream business strategy. They have exerted their portion of Detroit techno's cultural influence towards promoting political activism.


Underground Resistance is probably the most militantly political outcropping of modern urban American techno. Combining a grubby, four-track aesthetic, an almost strictly DIY business philosophy, and an oppositional, militaristic ethos similar to Public Enemy without the drama (or the familiarity; the members refuse to be photographed without bandanas obscuring their identities), UR have redirected their portion of the Detroit techno legacy to social activist ends, trading mainstream popularity and financial success for independence and self-determination. Begun in 1989 by Detroit second-wave Techno trinity Mike Banks, Robert Hood & Jeff Mills as a musical collective and Record Label, UR adapted the flavor and kick of early Detroit techno to the complex social, political, and economic circumstances in the wake of Reagan-era accelerated inner-city decline, and was formed as an outlet for uncompromising music geared toward awareness and change.

The early UR catalog is defined by a typically Detroit combination of Motown and Chicago soul, and ruthless, at times caustic lo-fi techno, acid, and electro (Mills' background is in, among other things, Chicago industrial and EBM-style electro-techno, with Banks and Hood both coming from a solid house and techno base). Much of the label's early output was the product of various permutations of Banks, Mills, and Hood, both solo and in combination, before Mills and Hood left UR in 1992 to pursue (and achieve) international success. Banks continued to operate UR in the wake of the split, releasing EPs such as "Return of Acid Rain," "Message to the Majors," and "Galaxy to Galaxy" under the UR banner, as well as 12-inches by increasingly renowned artists such as Drexciya, Suburban Knight and Scan 7. The first actual full-length credited to Underground Resistance was 1998's Interstellar Fugitives. When the UR and Submerge Recordings Headquarters moved from 2030 Grand River to 3000 E Grand Blvd., the UR 'family' transformed again by assigning new members such as DJ 3000, S², Aquanauts, Buzz Goree and most notably the live band Los Hermanos. Many of Underground Resistance's labelmate's early releases were the product of various experiments by Banks, Mills, and Hood, both solo and in collaboration, before Mills and Hood left the collective in 1992 to achieve international success as solo artists and DJs. Mike Banks continued to lead UR in the wake of the split, releasing EPs during the mid-1990s such as "Return of Acid Rain," "Message to the Majors," and "Galaxy to Galaxy" under the UR name, as well as 12-inches by increasingly renowned artists such as Drexciya.

UR tracks have occasionally been released on other labels (usually in what UR metaphorically describe as "reconnaissance" or "infiltration"). Many UR member's started their own labels throughout their careers, where they released more of their music.

1998's "Interstellar Fugitives", the first full album credited to Underground Resistance, saw Mike Banks redefining the collective's sound as "High-Tech Funk", reflecting a shift in emphasis from hard, minimal club Techno to breakbeats, Electro and even occasionally Drum and Bass and down-tempo Hip-Hop. In 1999, newcomer DJ Rolando released UR's most commercially successful EP, "The Knights of The Jaguar".

In 2000, Kraftwerk released a remix single of their theme composed for the Expo 2000 in Hanover, featuring contributions from the UR artists. Their real names were not mentioned in the credits, but were hidden behind the numbers - 035, 038, 039 & 044, referring to the UR catalogue:

035 – DJ Rolando 038 – Mike Banks 039 – Andre Holland 044 – Gerald Mitchel



  • Revolution For Change (1991)
  • Interstellar Fugitives (1998)
  • A Hitech Jazz Compilation (2005)


  • Sonic EP (1990)
  • Your Time Is Up (1990 - With Yolanda)
  • Punisher (1991)
  • Riot EP (1991)
  • Waveform E.P. (1991)
  • The Final Frontier (1991)
  • Living For The Nite (1991 - With Yolanda)
  • Elimination/Gamma-Ray (1991)
  • Nation 2 Nation (1991)
  • Fuel For The Fire - Attend The Riot (1991)
  • The Seawolf (1992)
  • Fury (1992)
  • World 2 World (1992)
  • Message To The Majors (1992)
  • Belgian Resistance (1992)
  • Acid Rain EP (1992)
  • Panic EP (1992)
  • Piranha (1992)
  • Kamikaze (1992)
  • The Return Of Acid Rain - The Storm Continues (1993)
  • Acid Rain III - Meteor Shower (1993)
  • Dark Energy (1994)
  • Electronic Warfare (1995)
  • Soundpictures EP (1995)
  • Ambush (1997)
  • The Turning Point (1997)
  • The Infiltraitor (1997)
  • Codebreaker (1997)
  • Radioactive Rhythms (1997)
  • Hardlife (2001)
  • Millennium To Millennium (2001)
  • Illuminator (2002)
  • The Analog Assassin (2002)
  • Inspiration/Transition (2002)
  • Actuator (2003)
  • Transition/Windchime (2003)
  • Ma Ya Ya (2004)
  • The Theory/Free As You Wanna Be (2004)
  • Knights Of The Jaguar EP (1998)<ref>This track was at the heart of a conflict between UR and Sony/BMG; see Tobias van Veen “Underground Resistance vs. SONY/BMG,” Discorder, c. 10 April 2000.</ref>
  • Interstellar Fugitives 2 - The Destruction Of Order (2006)
  • Footwars (2007)
  • Electronic Warfare 2.0 (2007)
  • Electronic Warfare 2.1 (2007)
  • This Is What Happens (2009)
  • Somewhere In Japan EP (2010)


Additional Reading

Metro Times
The Thing Is

External Links

Twitter [=https://www.youtube.com/user/UR313 YouTube Channel]